Car accident back injuries can be sustained in many types of motor vehicle accidents. Whiplash is one of the most common types of car accident back injuries. Whiplash accounts for more than one million car accident back injuries each year. Ten percent of these car accident back injuries lead to long term disability. This type of car accident back injury occurs most often in rear end collisions and can also occur when a vehicle strikes a non-moving object or gets broad-sided by another vehicle.
Whiplash is sustained when a victim's head is violently hurled forward (hyperextension) and then backward (hyperflexion). Whiplash injury can cause serious injury to the joints, discs, muscles, nerves, and ligaments of the neck and is most serious when a victim's head is turned to the side during impact. Whiplash car accident back injuries, though common, are sometimes difficult to diagnose. Symptoms of these car accident back injuries can include muscle spasms in the neck and upper back area, increased neck pain with movement, and increasing pain in the base of the neck. There are a variety of other symptoms that a doctor can
Car accident back injuries can also result in a lumbar or lower back sprain or strain. These car accident back injuries result in serious and sometimes debilitating pain in the larger muscles of the lower back. These car accident back injuries can also be difficult to diagnose or may be misdiagnosed if there is an underlying disc injury that has not been identified. Pain from these car accident back injuries can occur on one or both sides of the lower back, may worsen with activity, or may cause nighttime muscle spasms.
Car accident back injuries also include spinal cord injuries. Spinal cord car accident back injuries can be caused by different kinds of trauma including bruising (contusion), excessive pressure (compression), lacerations, and specific damage to the corticospinal tracts in the cervical spinal cord area. Spinal cord car accident injuries can cause serious nerve damage resulting in paralysis, loss of feeling in certain areas of the body, loss of reflex function, and autonomic disturbances. Spinal cord car accident injuries can be very debilitating and can lead to secondary medical problems including infection, sexual dysfunction, muscle spasms, loss of bladder control, and centralized hypersensitivity or pain in certain areas of the body.
There are a number of medical tests that can be performed on a patient who is thought to have sustained car accident back injuries. In some cases, car accident back injuries can be detected through the use of x-rays, though muscle strains and sprains cannot be diagnosed through this medical means. Medical professionals can also use CT or CAT scans, MRIs, myelograms, discograms, electromyograms, and bone scans to determine the nature and extent of car accident back injuries.
If you have suffered car accident back injuries that resulted from a vehicle accident that was caused by another party, you may be eligible to seek compensation for the damages you have endured. Liable parties may be required to compensate victims for medical expenses, loss of income or earning potential, and pain and suffering.
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