Brain injury is one of the most catastrophic injuries that a person can sustain in a motor vehicle accident. Almost two million people suffer a traumatic brain injury in the United States each year. At least half a million people die each year as a result of brain injury complications. One half of all brain injury cases are the result of motor vehicle accidents. A good percentage of these motor vehicle accidents were caused or exacerbated by an auto defect.
Automobiles and their parts should be designed to ensure that a passenger is as protected as possible from injury in a motor vehicle accident. Fuel systems, seat belts, seat backs, door latches, roofs, tires, and overall vehicle structure should be designed, manufactured, and repaired in such a way that the risks of brain injury and other catastrophic injury are mitigated. Unfortunately, defective auto parts can and do often cause and contribute to brain injury in motor vehicle accidents. When this is the case, a victim of brain injury has the legal right to seek compensation for their injuries from the party who is responsible for the defective auto component.
Traumatic brain injury can be sustained in an auto defect vehicle accident when a victim suffers a sudden violent blow to the head. A victim is more likely to sustain this type of head trauma in accidents where the vehicle's roof fails to hold up in an accident, where the vehicle rolls over (which is more likely in SUVs with an overall faulty structural design), and when a person is ejected from the car because a door latch fails to keep a passenger's door intact, or a seat belt fails to restrain a person or any number of other mechanical vehicle failures.
Traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the amount of physical, motor, cognitive, behavioral, and psychological trauma that was sustained in the accident. Brain injury can result from closed or open head trauma. There may be no immediate distinctive signs of brain injury following an accident. A person may suffer a loss of consciousness following brain injury or they may not. It is vital for a person who may have suffered a brain injury to seek immediate medical treatment for condition evaluation and stabilization. This care is crucial for prevention of secondary and exacerbated primary injuries.
Two to three hundred thousand brain injury victims each year require extensive medical treatment and hospitalization. Brain injury results in long term disability for almost one hundred thousand people each year. Physical trauma from brain injury can include sensory disturbances, sleep problems, seizures, weakness, and motor disability. Cognitive impairments from brain injury can include memory, concentration, reasoning, attention, and information processing difficulty. Psychosocial damage from brain injury can cause difficulty with school, work, and personal relationships, changes in personality, and poor coping skills.