Paraplegia is the medical term used to describe the paralysis that results from serious spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury paraplegia is one potential catastrophic outcome of motor vehicle accidents. An estimated fifty five percent of all spinal cord injuries are suffered as a result of automobile accidents. Defects in automobile design, production, and repair can often cause or contribute to the motor vehicle accidents that cause paraplegia injuries. When this is the case, paraplegia victims have the legal right to seek reparation for their injuries from the party responsible for the automobile defect. A victim who suffers paraplegia can receive compensation for their medical expenses, loss of income, and insurmountable pain and suffering.
Paraplegia is the condition whereby a patient loses control and sensation in their lower extremities and part, or all, of their trunk. Paraplegia is the result of traumatic injury to the spinal cord. The spinal cord is responsible for conveying information between the brain and the rest of the body. When the spinal cord is damaged, a person can lose the ability to feel and control parts of their body. This paralysis from paraplegia can be complete or incomplete depending on the severity of the injury. When the spinal cord is bruised, swollen, or damage to the nerves and blood vessels is minor, it is possible for a paraplegia patient to recover from paralysis. Unfortunately, paraplegia is irreversible, and patients are often left with extensive permanent disability.
Paraplegia victims can suffer from a number of symptoms that indicate complete or partial paralysis. A paraplegia patient may experience extreme muscle flaccidity or limpness, especially in the arms and legs. Paraplegia can result in the inability to move or feel anything below the damaged area. Bowel and bladder control can also be lost when a person suffers paraplegia. If paraplegia affects the lung region of the trunk, a victim can have troubles breathing or may be unable to breath without assistance.
Treatment for paraplegia involves a team of medical professionals that have special roles in helping victims with these catastrophic injuries. Neurologists, psychologists, physical and occupational therapists, respiratory specialists, social workers, and a number of others can have an integral role in treating patients with paraplegia. Paraplegia can be diagnosed through a number of medical tests including x-rays, CT or CAT scan, and MRI evaluations. In addition to a variety of therapies, paraplegia patients can also benefit from physical support from wheelchairs or braces, medicines such as steroids, diuretics, and blood pressure medications, bowel and bladder programs, and skin treatments. Paraplegia surgery may also be required. Though spinal cord injury cannot be repaired, surgery can stabilize the bones in the spine and make use of equipment that can facilitate movement in patients with paraplegia.
Paraplegia is a devastating outcome that can result from an auto accident. The devastation is made worse and more complicated when auto defect caused or contributed to the vehicle accident and the resulting injuries.